This video was recorded on 8mm film by Melbourne Oversea’s Mission’s lay missionaries from the Archdiocese of Melbourne in Kanabea in 1975. Featuring Father’s Peter Fulton and Cyril Blake.
These photos were taken by Dave Tacon during Melbourne Overseas Mission’s visit to Papua New Guinea in October 2010.
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Written and Photographed by Dave Tacon
Bishop Chris Prowse
with photographs by Dave Tacon
After clouds blocked his planned visit to missionary stations in the mountains of Kerema diocese in Papua New Guinea, Melbourne Auxiliary Bishop Christopher Prowse in PNGChristopher Prowse was forced to limit his pastoral visit to a lower altitude parish where he found much to impress him in the evangelising work of the Melbourne Overseas Mission.
Writing in the Melbourne diocesan publication Kairos, Bishop Prowse says that he had planned to visit Mgr John Flynn from Melbourne who “has served faithfully in the mountainous missionary stations of the Kerema Diocese in Papua New Guinea for many years, presently as the much loved parish priest of Kanabea”.
According to Bishop Prowse, “Fr John”, as he is known locally, is continuing a tradition of Melbourne Overseas Mission (MOM) contribution to Kanabea pastoral life that started in the late 1960s under former Melbourne Archbishop Cardinal James Knox.
“I was also keen to observe first hand the commitment of MOM to these regions,” Bishop Prowse writes.
“But the mission station had been covered in thick cloud for several months, and no aircraft was able to land at the station’s airstrip,” he added.
John Flynn in Kanabea, PNG Unable to visit Kanabea, Bishop Prowse was nevertheless able to speak to Fr John by radio. “Via others, I sent him some small gifts that included a letter from Archbishop Denis Hart, the Archbishop of Melbourne”.
Meanwhile, Bishop Prowse spent time at the parish of Bema lower down the mountain range.
“Bema also has strong links with the Archdiocese of Melbourne,” Bishop Prowse says.
A Melbourne priest Fr Patrick Harvey was parish priest for several years. Another Melbourne priest, Fr Peter Cullen died in an aircraft crash in the area in 1976, he writes.
“Bema has been the grateful recipient of generosity from Melbourne via MOM – many of the facilities that I inspected – schools, parish buildings, hydro-electrical equipment, tractor, and so forth – are all gifts from the organisation,” Bishop Prowse says.
Bishop Prowse – Kamina, PNG “Wherever we went, the simplicity of lifestyle, the friendliness of the shy parishioners, and the educational opportunities offered to an isolated culture were omnipresent, and so was the practical help of MOM!”
However, Bishop Prowse also noted the uncertain future that Papua New Guinea seems to face.
“Political inaction, corruption, and violence continue there unabated. I found this most evident in Port Moresby. The chilling advice of one local was that at night if one hears the sound of dogs barking and cars arriving at your residence, then you must remain in bed.
Kanabea, above the clouds, PNG “Under no circumstances ought one turn on lights or open doors. ‘Raskols’ roam certain streets with evil intent. Also, malaria and HIV-AIDS are national problems of the highest level,” he writes.
“Yet, the work of evangelisation continues. How happy I was to experience first-hand the Melbourne Archdiocese’s small but significant contribution in the Gulf Province of PNG and beyond!” Bishop Prowse concludes.
Visiting our MOM (Kairos, 1 October 2006)
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Everything in the room swayed and moved in different directions for about five minutes. This was our experience of the Tsunami that struck on 26th December 2004. Among the people were one month old babies and young mothers. They did not want to be separated from their families and refused to come into town where we could have given them better care. The crowd did not want to leave the Sisters either, even though the Government offered them their schools. They felt more secure with us.
Sr. Teresa with two Superiors of Karaikal and I went down the coast. We visited a good number of villages, talking to the victims. Some had lost as many as seven members of their families, many of them children or mothers who were trying to save their little ones. The men who were fishing elsewhere were saved. The wave came up so silently that people were hardly aware of the black water that engulfed them, churned them around and took them kilometers forward and then dragged them into the sea. The next wave brought them back on to the land dead or seriously injured. Some had the good fortune of clinging on to a tree or something else that turned out to be their lifeline. We went looking for orphans and found that mostly children had died.
In Nagappattinam, it was horrifying to see huge boats and ships sitting on verandahs, or even on roof tops. These boats can cost between one to 15 lakhs. The different types of nets for various fish cost about one lakh each. Those who have lost all cannot start life again without boats and equipment. Bodies are pinned under debris and the air smells foul. People are huddled together away from the coast.
We went on to Velangani, it was deserted. On 26th, the people had left the church after the Tamil Mass and gone down to the beach. Others entered for the Malayalam Mass. The first wave mixed the people with sheets of roofing, cutting them up. Photos of the dead look terrible and not all are exposed yet – many people are there for those who are searching for their loved ones. The water went up to the Church steps and then divided. Those who were in its way or ran out of the Church were swept out. They found more than 2000 bodies. Even after ten days, they found some bodies that had to be cremated because they were too highly decomposed. The brick shops in front of the church stand silent and empty. Nothing remains of all those on the shore. The water level has risen and there is no beach. We met a priest, an eyewitness who gave us gruesome details. We visited the Diocesan home for the aged – an absolute mess. It reminded me of Cheyur. They were able to save most of the inmates.
This evening there was a meeting with the Social Welfare Board, from Pondicherry. We will take in all the orphans below 10. At least they will be safe with us. We will also accept old people. The Sisters are doing their best to co-operate in the Relief work.
Sr. Bernadette Pinto
Sisters of St. Joseph of Cluny
*Note : 1 Lakh =100,000 Rupees = Au$3027.32
In September 2004, 32 boxes of clothing, books, magazines and computer equipment were transported to Papua New Guinea. Sent to help the underprivileged.
FR. James Joseph Morova Holy Spirit Seminary serves the Kerema Diocese, which covers 12 parishes. So far, five locals have been ordained to the priesthood. Another is to be ordained next year. Paul Gabriel, from Kanabea Parish is a seminarian of the Holy Spirit, whose father, Gabriel Anamada, has been working as a catechist for the past 32 years. Paul is the second of the Kamea people to join the major seminary. He will be ordained in three years time. Fr. James Joseph Morova (pictured) was ordained in May 2003.
Rev. Michael McEntee talks about a few days in Bomana.
It’s a cool overcast day here for Easter, but the Lord is as truly risen as anywhere else. We began our Vigil liturgy at 2.45 a.m. finished at 6, had coffee, then some breakfast and have just finished the 8:30 Mass about 10.
The seminary has settled into a routine of study, prayer, pastoral work and relaxation. The students are working well in keeping the grounds attractive and will develop a vegetable garden during the two weeks’ term break which begins next Saturday. Our problems with the “raskols” seems to have dropped off since two policeman came to live at the Franciscan college next door to us. That temporary arrangement will be followed by the construction of four family homes to house four policemen and their families. Their movements to and fro and the fact they will be armed should rid us of the raskol intrusion swhich have dominated the first six weeks of term. Our own college was hit only once when my office – right beneath my bedroom – was ransacked one night at 2.30 a.m. There are currently calls from several quarters as well as politicians and the women’s movement for the death sentence to be introduced. The Archbishop went on TV on Good Friday to say that the Church would not support capital punishment. He called on people to Find the political will to improve education and employment opportunities. I hope that he gets a hearing.
Many of the students will have a week’s holiday in several coastal villages along the Gulf of Papua. I will spend the time preparing classes for next term. As well as teaching four hours each week here, I will fly twice to the Highlands for three days each time to teach in the seminary there. They have 100 students in the first three years of the course (we have only 13 in those classes), after which they come here for the last three years. They are chronically short of teaching staff, so I will present my course in half the usual number of lectures and the Rector there will tutor them while I come back to do my regular teaching here.
Easter celebrations were inspiring and eye-opening. On Good Friday the Veneration of the Cross was done in traditional manner of mourning. As well as some genuflecting and making some sign of affection and respect much as we do in Australia, four big regional groups, decked out in mud and mourning finery, came to the cross, surrounded it as if it were a coffin, and rendered most soulful chants of mourning. This morning, we had the Easter Vigil from 2.45 to 6 a.m, literally walking out of the chapel to see the first rays of the rising sun. I was the presider. It was all in Pidgin – 31 pages of text. It was also my first attempt at preaching in Pidgin, which I managed OK with some help from my priest confrere. About half the homily was my own composition and half was a good story about forgiveness which I found in a book of Pidgin English. There was a spectacular lighting of the fire as we climbed a small hill outside the chapel where a bonfire had been prepared. Higher up the hill a crew had coconut husks ali ght with diesel which they launched on a flying fox into the kerosene soaked bonfire. From there it was one surprise after another. We were piped half a kilometer by the Solomon Islanders bamboo pipe band, the Gospel book was brought in by placard waving Highlanders dressed in traditional feathers and grass skirts, the readings from the Genesis about the creation and from Exodus about the Crossing of the Red Sea were dramatised by students taking the role of an elder of the tribe telling the story of the ancestors etc. There was a very humorous and very cogent retelling of the biblical stories. We had three adults to be baptised. The font was prepared by three regional representatives coming with traditional water-carrying instruments – large diameter bamboo and an excavated coconut husk wrapped in leaves. Finally, at the Words of consecration, we were met by fire eaters from new Britain who “incensed” the Host and Precious Blood with the smoke they were exhaling!
Thursday 4 May: Exam week passed, I received some good answers to my exam questions. Getting 40 people off by 3 tonne truck for a holiday at 5 a.m. last Saturday was interesting. Next Monday, we are going off shore to a research island for a picnic. It is good to have a relaxed timetable for a couple of weeks, later rising, not as much organised time, I think we are all unwinding after a full term. Twice we have received news of the death of a close relative – a sister while giving birth to twin boys, a father – and in both instances the students involved had snuck off without telling me their whereabouts! Talk about tragedy and bad luck rolled into one. I’m always taken aback at the number of students whose parents died when they were infants or at primary school age, and by the few whose mothers died giving them birth. It makes those comparisons of different nations’ mortality rates take on a human face. One of the experienced missionaries said to me that the people live close to earth and they will quickl y sniff out whether or not someone is genuine.
We have been joined by a priest from Belligen NSW to teach moral theology. He is not living here as he is on the staff of the Theological Institute. He is good company and seems to be coping with the transition quite well. Our lay missionary is still struggling with the different culture, but that is not deterring him from making a big contribution. I just hope he can accept the differences.
So it’s time to close. I’ll get this emailed and posted in the next few days. Thanks for all your communications. They are looked forward to by me.
Rev M McEntee
St Bernadette Gauthier gives us word on the latest activities at Kamea.
Kanabea parish was, as usual, a hive of activity. On the 18th Fr. Maurice Adams was remembered at the Eucharist. On the 19th the silver Jubilee of the latest arrival Sr. Dorothy David was celebrated both privately and publicly with a beautiful Eucharist and shared meal. It was an opportunity to speak about Religious life and the Cluny Sisters in particular, which Fr. John invited me to do.
The saw mill is functioning well. Workers are being paid local wages, but all timber (very good timber apparently) is donated by land owners for both the church and the school. This is very significant, a sign that the missionaries patient invitations to participate are bearing fruit. Fr. John was particularly patient over this need to wait for the people to really own the church and school as theirs.
The School ‘reform’ is proceeding with difficulties. Kanabea ‘top up’ has taken scores of youngsters who have missed out doing grade six. This year, however, these were declared illegal and were suspended which led to much heartache and even an attempted suicide. The top up books arrived only this year. (i.e. Grades 7 and 9 attached to a primary school). The government set up only 4 elementary schools (grades 1-3) in the parish which left scores of villages without teachers, the intention being to set up new ones in 2003. The Bishop moved and set up 19 Bible schools in Kanabea Parish alone, so that all Christian communities have their own, led by Grade ten leavers. Many of these came through Bema High School and then the CODE centre. St. Tresa takes a special interest in the ‘teachers.’ The teachers receive a modest Diocesan stipend, and to all intents and purposes these schools serve as elementary schools. Their name saves them from being illegal. A brother of Fr. David Kamau, Martin, has been named inspect or of these elementary schools, a good move, as in isolated places, children are completely at the mercy of their teachers conscience. Another good teacher has been named inspector of mountain schools, and this is already bearing fruit. He is trying to remedy the fact that some quite large areas have been without teachers for a number of years.
There are now 67 catechists and prayer leaders over the mountain parishes, 30 of these in Kanabea parish. Fr. John supervises them and gives them in-services. As in many activities, the Kamina parish is also included, otherwise the whole fabric of that parish would have collapsed.
The sisters have convened a women’s gathering for this weekend and are expecting 300. They remained undaunted; undertaking all manner of activities on the station and radiating out to the most remote villages, including of course the Kamina, Ivandu and M’Bauia areas. A systematic training of five women per village in the skills of cutting and sewing has been undertaken; they stay one week, several hours per day. Modest projects have been started; nutrition, chickens screen printing, helping in the hospital. Sr. Rachel continues the family life program throughout the Diocese in spite of many difficulties, distances, transport and the fact that often only women come.
Anne Fogarty, a lay missionary from Melbourne, has taken part in all these activities and acts as a secretary to everybody. She has so settled her soul into Kanabea that she has requested staying another six months. She lives with the sisters and relates really well to the national staff, the people and expatriates.
Fr. John Flynn and David Kamau patrol extensively, the latter comes from Hawabango and patrols all through Kanabea. He recently gave the Catechists’ retreat. On going formation still takes place; e.g. A course to village recorders whose task is to map their village and record deaths births etc.
Bishop Marx is planning some pilgrimages to Bema for the year of Jubilee; the logistics of accommodation and the possibility of two thousand Kamea attending, is providing somewhat of a challenge.
My visit to Kanabea was inspirational, the harmonious relations between expatriates among themselves and with nationals, the level of apostolic energy and inventiveness, the prayer life, would, I believe be very contagious to anyone who truly opened themselves to it.
Sr Bernadette Gauthier
We wish to acknowledge receipt of K.14,431.26 and to thank the Archbishop for this generous contribution towards meeting the needs of the survivors of this disaster. Tomorrow is the feast of St. Anne, patron of this Aitape Diocese. The feast will be celebrated using the theme “ONE IN THE SPIRIT.” This will not be for us a feast of sorrow but one of rejoicing that while the area has been struck with disaster there is an incalculable gift of unity being experienced through an overwhelming outpouring of care and support from all over the world. We will indeed pray for those who have died; The importance of grieving is indisputable. However, the need to move forward in hope will be emphasised at all liturgical gatherings tomorrow.
Communications promising prayer and financial support from all over the world continue to arrive. At times like this many people feel so helpless when they are far away, but in fact we are all united in the body of Christ and we here are strengthened by the prayer and the outpouring of care being expressed in so many ways from all around the world……be assured of this.
Please continue to pray for us all as the work of resettling the survivors and ministering to their spiritual needs is just beginning. And know that in prayer and in masses each day the priests and people here ask the Lord for a special blessing on all those who have supported us at this time.
Austen Crapp, OFM Diocesan Administrator
It has taken quite a while before furnishing you with another drought report from Kerema Diocese. After a long dry spell, we have been receiving very heavy rain in our mountain areas. Recently we also received heavy rain throughout the whole Gulf Province. This helped the coastal communities to get water in the nearby streams easily. Most educational institutions which were closed in October 1997 should be able to start the school year well. Hope our children will not be victimised again.
The communities from the mountain parishes and coastal areas started planting sweet potatoes, bananas, taro and other vegetables in their gardens. People need to be assisted with lots of seedlings such as corn, beans, chinese cabbages, pumpkin and so on. The garden food planted now will take another five to six months before they can be harvested. After six months people will come back to their normal lives.
After the heavy rain in most of our badly affected areas people are still coming to our diocese office seeking for more help from us. Despite the rain the results have not changed, the people are still suffering. The parish priests from various parishes have also raised the same concern. They said the majority of people need lots of assistance.
Papua New Guinea government assistance has been insufficient and even delivered late while the bulk of the people suffer while waiting for the relief supplies to reach them.
Melbourne Diocese financial assistance has greatly supported the communities. Even we have also assisted the government in chartering planes to transport the relief food supplies to our mountain parishes.
I would like to give our sincere thankyou to the Melbourne Diocese for the financial support you have given to our communities. This has greatly assisted us in providing relief food supply to the needy. I would also highlight our concern on AusAid aid given to Komako and Buu communities with the population of 2,100 people. This single group of people received more food supplies than the total population of 13,000 people. They live in the same area and we are questioning on what basis the assessment was made. They are listed as category 5 on the AusAid drought report. Our communities are all affected in the same way as the Komako and Buu communities. The recent re-assessment should at least put our communities on the same category as the other Komako and Buu.
Finally I have prepared the general expenditure of the spendings we made on the relief food supply. We also learnt from Caritas Australia that basic relief food is only rice, flour and cooking oil. We have included tinned fish in our list. The Papua New Guinea government have included tinned fish in the relief supply. We will improve on this in the future.
Thankyou once again for the financial support you have given to the people of the Gulf Province.
John Toivita Justice Peace & Development Officer